distributionSaying that people either have a fixed mindset or a growth mindset is a oversimplification of reality. It is not true that people simply either have a fixed or a growth mindset. Instead of thinking about mindsets dualistic terms, it is more accurate to think about them in terms of continuums. In other words, there are different degrees of having a growth mindset. Carol Dweck found that among students roughly 40% had a fixed mindset with respect to their math abilities; another 40% had a growth mindset, and the remaining 20% could neither be classified as having a fixed mindset nor as having a growth mindset (Dweck, 2008).


But this does not mean that fixed and growth mindsets are always almost equally represented in groups. The distribution of fixed and growth mindset orientations depend on both the context and the subject. Mindsets are not fixed entities given by nature. Therefore, in different groups, cultures, and contexts there will be different distributions of mindset scores. Also, the distribution of mindset score will vary and fluctuate to some degree, over time. Another thing to note is that people usually have different mindset with respect to different topics. We may believe that we can become better in one subject yet that we will probably never become much better in another.

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